There is a tendency by my Bakiga brothers and sisters ordering for chips and chicken when they eneter restaurants. They are gullible Bakiga who don’t know how their culture is been eroded overtime. It was done by our first grandfathers. Bakiga should not that the pre-colonial food crops (in Kigezi) included sorghum, millet, beans, peas, and sweet potatoes. The newly introduced ones include solanum potatoes (emondi), bananas, and the daily intake of meat and other animal products. … The war against indigenous foods came into the open when children who had been sent to colonial boarding schools became alienated from their cultures, ways of life, foods and feeding habits. They began by despising and rejecting their traditional foods. The first victim was local sorghum bread (obuhemba). They. through their limited acquired foreign language named it derogatorily as John kyankarata wanyiha ahabi – meaning that obuhemba was an unpalatable food only eaten as a last resort by desperate people. This war spread like wild fire among the young generation and they abandoned obuhemba and enkumba. (Enkumba is porridge prepared from raw sorghum.) The elite transformed the two types of food into curses. The stigmatisation of local food helped to create a reliable market for European wheat bread. And so graduates of colonial education and modernity were pitted against African Kiga culture and foods. This resulted in cultural conflicts and confusion. Those who ought to have saved their areas from imperialism transformed their people into haters of their own products and consumers of imported foods. This confirms the dependency discourse which argued that imperialism transformed the colonised people into producers of what they did not consume and consumers of what they did not produce. Unfortunately we have continued to do this as Banyakigezi we must try and put our house in order.
I write this blog to add my voice to other global citizens to note that one in four children will live with water scarcity by 2040. I will write about children because last year I wrote about women. And below are the facts
Climate change and conflict are intensifying risks to children of living without enough water, and that the poorest will suffer most, one in four of the world’s children will be living in areas with extremely limited water resources by 2040 as a result of climate change, the UN has warned.
Within two decades, 600 million children will be in regions enduring extreme water stress, with a great deal of competition for the available supply. The poorest and most disadvantaged will suffer most, according to research published by the children’s agency, Unicef, to mark World water day.
Drought conditions and conflict are driving deadly water scarcity in parts of Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen. Unicef anticipates that more than 9 million people will be without safe drinking water this year in Ethiopia alone. Nearly 1.4 million children face imminent risk of death from acute malnutrition in south Sudan Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen.
The report, Thirsting for a Future: Water and Children in a Changing Climate looked at the threats to children’s lives and wellbeing caused by depleted sources of safe water and the ways in which climate change will intensify these risks.
As industrialisation and demographic shifts increase consumption, areas of south Asia and the Middle East will be particularly affected, according to one of the report’s authors, Nicholas Rees. “Where demand is extremely high then water stress will increase. It will go up in areas of rapid urbanisation, and we are already seeing that throughout sub-Saharan Africa and Asia,” he said.
Another report published on warned that Iran is grappling with an unprecedented water crisis, and faces a greater threat from its environmental challenges than those arising from regional political issues or terrorism. The study, from London-based NGO Small Media, said that short ages could transform vast swaths of the country into near-uninhabitable areas in the coming decades.
“Iran is facing a water crisis that is unparalleled in its modern history. Lakes and rivers are dying, droughts are increasing in frequency, and even Iran’s deepest groundwater reserves are being sucked dry by Iran’s growing population and its thirsty agricultural sector,” the report said.
Across the world, the UN’s report says that 36 countries are facing extremely high levels of water stress, which occurs when demand far exceeds the renewable supply available. Warmer temperatures, rising sea levels, increased floods, droughts and melting ice affect the quality and availability of water, as do sanitation systems.
The impact of climate change on water sources is not inevitable, according to the report, which made a series of recommendations designed to help curb the impact of climate change on the lives of children. These include calls for governments to prioritise access to safe water for the most vulnerable children above other water needs, and for communities to diversify water sources.
“We want to reduce child deaths. That is the goal. But we are not going to end child deaths without addressing environmental threats that they face,” said Rees. The NGO WaterAid published of how vulnerable rural communities’ struggles to access clean water were being compounded by extreme weather events and climate change.
India, one of the fastest growing economies and home to almost a fifth of the world’s population, was ranked in an annual WaterAid survey as having the greatest number of people living rurally without access to clean water: 63 million.
In terms of those making progress, the report said, Paraguay has achieved the biggest improvements in getting water to rural dwellers. More than 94% of its rural population now has access to safe water, compared with 51.6% in 2000. Papua New Guinea, Madagascar and Mozambique were among the worst performing countries for rural access to clean water.
WaterAid’s chief executive, Barbara Frost, said many of the countries featured in the report were already being hit regularly by severe cyclones, floods and drought. “Rural communities – which are marginalised by their remote location and a continued lack of funding for basic services – often bear the greatest burden of these events,” she said.
Water Aid is calling on international and national leaders to deliver on promises to meet the sustainable development goals, including a goal to ensure access to safe water and sanitation.
Some people are discussing petty issues but climate change that affects food aviability and species diversity inst a joke. Climate change leads to declining wildlife populations. Preserving species is an important concern for human populations. Wildlife drives economies around the world. About 15 percent of the world’s population is dependent on wildlife in order to survive. For the extremely poor and the bushmen and women meat from animals is the main source of protein. When climate change disrupts wildlife, there is an overwhelming impact on those who rely on it for economic and social purposes.
People might not know but Climate change triggers conflicts. climate change causes unrest between people who are competing for food and resources. It can lead to groups such as Boko Haram, the Lord’s Resistance Army and Janjaweed, exploiting declining species through poaching. It can also lead to other conflicts such as piracy and illegal trade therefore for those who like peace forget about it with such issues on table.
The other issue is that Production becomes less predictable. Many farmers in developing countries depend on rainfall for their crops. In some areas of the world, rainfall has decreased due to climate change, and thus crops have failed. In other regions, climate change has caused the rainy season to change, which means farmers are planting their crops too early or too late and thus missing the most rainfall the reason crop failure and animal failure is high leaving dying populations.
So if we can’t know when to produce then Supplies to markets may not be predictable. As production levels decrease, the market supply also falls. This affects prices for crops and livestock that consume those crops
The women activists should also know that there are greater risks to those less able to be sustainable Women are often at risk because they tend to be the least educated, own fewer assets and are not as wealthy. When storms destroy livelihoods, crops and homes, people with a higher education and thus more assets and capabilities, can often cope more quickly with the devastating impact.
Lastly traditional agriculture is dying out. In many developing countries and regions, farmers depend entirely on their livestock for sustenance. Farmers are unfortunately losing their animals to droughts and diseases that have come about due to climate change. Unpredictable rainfall patterns also make it problematic. This way of life is becoming more difficult to sustain a living. Therefore its important that we start fighting this war before it’s too late it’s a noble war to fight than fighting a jihad for a religion. This war is holly you can take it serious now or it will sweep you for its unstoppable.
Kahinda Otafire though the allegations leveled on him are not always in lime light but he is a member of this regime so the hands he uses are shaped by the Luwero triangle war, at one time he bought 1000 galvanized sheets at accost of 86m shillings using acheque that later bounced he had bought the iron sheets from the central purchasing co-operation. But of course the NRM doesn’t take on its reputation this man has severally been made the chairperson Bushenyi district as reward however they have always said that we have mere allegations but with Otafire court proved this and as we speak such a man is the minister for justice so what should we expect?
He was also named in those individuals that that were involved in the taking away of the resources from Congo and when asked to comment about the UN report he referred to it as hoax. However denouncing that doesn’t save Ugandans to pay what allegedly went into his pockets.
In Uganda, Otafiire is routinely accused of abusing power. Fourteen years ago, he was dragged to a parliamentary probe committee for allegedly stealing copper rivets worth billions of shillings from an Asian businessman. In 2007, Kahinda Otafiire abused his office as minister of local government when he fraudulently allocated the Nakawa-Naguru estate redevelopment project to Opec Prime Properties Ltd, according to a 2008 report of the Inspector General of Government.
The IGG had earlier, in 2006, accused the same person of violating procurement procedures when he granted the tender of computerizing the lands registry to a little-known company, Steward’s Net Technologies.
Otafiire reacted by accusing the then IGG, Faith Mondha, of writing reports when she was under the influence of alcohol. To this attack, Mondha – according to the New Vision – responded, “He (Kahinda Otafiire) is corrupt and he is not fit to be minister.”
And when asked on some of these matters he laughs and then sees the ones who didn’t partake in the bush war’ not worthy to speak because they don’t understand the power of gun powder. That’s why he says that citizens should leave the issues of the generals to the generals.
Sam Kutesa is one of the individuals that has surfaced in the lime light because of mainly being in corruption scandals, he was first mentioned in the sixth parliament in the scandals where he was involved in the sale of Uganda Airlines and censured on corruption allegations but was later received and appointed back to the cabinet showing that what parliament had done was not only baseless but also useless as he continues to enjoy the fruits of being in scandals parliament then requested that these individuals be prosecuted but this has never happened as he continues to enjoy the shelter and immunity from the corrupt regime headed by patriotic robbers.
Where he has been mentioned in the scandals for several times including the oil scandal that they have always claimed it was a forgery but then the question is why does smoke and fire always rotate on him and his friends in every scandal including the CHOGM scandal where the washing of the cars alone as reported by the PAC costed sh.150, 000/= which by then was almost a police man’s salary, a teacher’s salary the ones in the prison service meaning the person to wash one car would earn what a teacher would earn a month by then so if such exploitation continues to happen in the hands of these men then what do the nation expect?
It should be noted that a person who would therefore wash 12 cars would have earned what a teacher is capable of earning in a full year something that is unfortunate for our country and it should also be noted that by then the price of washing a car at a washing bay was sh.5000 only meaning the washing of the car was inflated by thirty times the real price this shows how much they had to stole only during CHOGM period since only one activity could show such a rot.
And this man has many other scandals that this man who had promised to quite politics, with Museveni in 2006. He has always remained to be seen as a liability in the cabinet, by most anti-corruption crusaders. They have always been in courts putting their case as the not innocent but as being tried in courts by the IGG who doesn’t have the authority to try them which is like when a Christian steals when the Muslim gets him he advises the Muslim to wait for the Christian to be the one to blame him something I have only seen as the weakness of the law. To me all his appointments and the subsequent stealing can be regarded as presidential handshakes
In the last two weeks we have been discussing the presidential handshake. I have noticed that people seem not to know who are the oldest thieves I am going to offer a blog perday and I will start with a special woman called Wandera Kazibwe the former vice president whose appointment President Museveni called killing three birds with one stone and he explained this to the Ankole caucus which was strong in the 90’s that the Basoga would keep happy because their own was vice president and then the women would also be excited and Catholics were also to follow in the same category of the excited since she was a catholic and even he wondered whether she actually thought she was the vice president with this thinking of the head of state her appointment was a baby to corruption and nothing expected but corruption.
The same words were given to explain the appointment of army commander as JJ Odong whose appointment was to make sure that the people of Teso could see him driving cars in their land and get excited and have their hearts ok since one of them had a convoy and the same words were also used to explain David Pulcol’s appointment in the security organs these were trivial statements from the head of state something I call unfortunate for our beloved land that deserves better than this hilarious government.
With secreterianism at its highest of course in Rukiga they say that ‘’weiba ohekire omwaana araba omushuma’’ literally meaning that when one steals carrying a child at her bark then that child is likely to turn a thief and this is what happened to the special woman.
So it was by no surprise that this ‘’special woman’’ became corrupt. She was first censured as minister of agriculture which she held together with vice presidency because of swindling money meant for making valley dams that were to be constructed in the arid areas of Northern Uganda worth 3.5bn and what was hurting was that not even a valley dam could be seen in the region where she calls home and when asked where the valley dams were she said that the valley dams were there and those who wanted to see them could see them but those who didn’t want to see them could see but them as if these individuals who were asking were blind and if not as if the valley dams were microscopic
As this happened the appointing authority remained with this lady on his cabinet as vice president yet she had showed inconsistence and the MPS that led her censure were castigated by the president may be he still wanted to use his ‘’stone’’ to kill the birds in the target and president Museveni continues to carry out this divisive politics that is not only detected in the political arena but also in the social economic wellbeing of Ugandans.
What followed was that after her retirement she was given to a sponsorship to study from abroad on tax payers’ money where clausal sums of money went to. Which I consider a scandal since she was already well off, may be this was a way of thanking her for stealing tax payers money and abusing them more because it was not right for a peasant to pay tuition to the former vice president that wasn’t only with the privileges of being a vice president but also had to steal the tax payers money as an addition to the privileges.
When she returned back she again went to the campaigned for her ‘’bread’’ party NRM and later deployed in the microfinance sector that was new, and as of know the Bonana Bagagaware program has produced rich people indeed since her [Dr. Wandira Kazibwe] alone took 58.3m which the IGG instructed her to bring back to the ministry of finance where she hasn’t done the needful up to date.
The IGG report indicates that her allowances were high ranging from 7.5 to 9.4m shillings between august and November 2009 which is equivalent of what a doctor earns per year and a primary teacher earns this in almost three years and not forgetting our men in uniform and many other civil society in our un just society.
This was in form of the highest allowances one can have, as everyday she would go away with about sh. 500,000/= [five hundred thousand shillings] and even some times above that this had continued over time and when the IGG and the minister of finance tried her out of office, she said that only the president would ask her to live her job and not anyone else meaning she expected the gift of backing she has always got from the president.
Lastly this woman got one billion to go and run for the coveted chair of the African union Ugandans lost this money too and all this is in the names of our continuous presidential handshake.
Brian Atuheire Batenda
Disability is under-represented in food security policy and practice, but the development community can take steps to address it
Food security policy should address disability in all activities rather than as a separate issue. Photograph: Imagewerks/Getty Images/Imagewerks Japan
Over a billion people, about 15% of the world’s population, live with a disability, according to the World Health Organisation.
The links between poverty and disability are complex and go in both directions – poverty can lead to disability through poor living conditions, malnutrition and lack of access to health services. At the same time, disability can lead to poverty through lack of employment and education opportunities, limited access to health and social services.
Despite this, disability remains an under-represented issue in food security policy and practice (there is no mention of disability at all in the new 2012 millenium development goals report). To a great extent, disability in development remains stuck in the ‘special needs’ section of targeted projects on health, education and welfare.
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), the 2011 WHO/World Bank world report on disability and post-2015 agenda now provide an opportunity for disability issues to be brought into the mainstream of development.
How can we achieve this while tackling food insecurity in practice?
Disability should be addressed in all activities rather than as a separate issue. We need to acknowledge the roles that people with disabilities can and do play in achieving food security for themselves and their families. The diversity of knowledge, skills and abilities of disabled people should not be forgotten. We should be careful that our own practices are not disempowering.
Get in touch
There are many disabled peoples’ organisations working in development. Who better to know about disability than people with disabilities themselves? Some international disability NGOs are already taking part in food security consultations but many may not have the funds and capacity to make their voices heard. Food security groups should make contact with these organisations early in consultative processes, not at the end, when it is often too late to make changes. There are numerous online networks and communities which can guide you towards local and regional organisations.
Make all your information more accessible. Writing in a clear style and avoiding jargon benefits everyone. Having a well written consultation or policy document is only one step. Making sure people can physically access it is another. Place your documents online, but don’t assume that your website is fully accessible.
Use alternative methods to get your message across. Social media, mailing lists and blogs have a wide reach, and can help engage disabled groups that are hard-to-reach. Think about the formats you are providing. For example, making your documents available in Microsoft Word helps people who use text readers or need to change the font size to access the information. Ask disabled groups how they would like information to be presented.
Sharing stories of best practice and innovation
Promoting and disseminating success stories from the field is a great way to ensure a more efficient allocation of limited resources to projects that are more likely to succeed. Examples of best practice help avoid repeating problems encountered in previous interventions, and provide opportunities to scale up innovative programmes and apply solutions in new areas.
Find sources of examples and lessons learnt from making gender equality part of mainstream development – for which there is extensive critical literature and practice – and see how this knowledge can be extended to disability.
Food security for all
The food security agenda post-2015 should be about equity, human rights, sustainable and inclusive development and sustainable and inclusive growth. Beneficiaries should be included in the design, implementation and monitoring of programmes, which make programmes more likely to succeed. Ask yourself, are disabled people involved in all stages of the project cycle in your organisation – project identification, project design, implementation and monitoring, and project evaluation?
Influencing the post-2015 agenda
Now that we are rapidly approaching the deadline for halving the number of hungry by 2015, there is an opportunity for disabled people to be fully included and to influence the post-2015 agenda. All of us have a role to play in deciding who has a place at the table in targeting food security.