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Background Adaptation to Climate Change in Uganda

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges affecting the world today. As the world’s climate changes and continues to change at rates unprecedented in recent human history, it is true that the impacts and risks related with these changes are existent.

Also in Uganda these changes are already influencing many systems essential for human livelihood, including water resources, food security and health. This causes a great challenge for sustainability of life, ecosystems, livelihoods and indeed the development of the economy in Uganda. Accordingly there is need to adapt to the inevitable effects of climate change as well as to facilitate the development of techniques that can assist increase resilience to the climate change impacts.

Uganda is one of the countries that are greatly vulnerable to climate change impacts, in respect of climate variability including increasing temperatures, increased frequency and intensity of rainfall, heat waves, droughts, floods and storms. The regions and ecosystems across the country, like the mountain regions, the lowlands and the cattle corridor, differ in their vulnerability and adaptive capacity. In general the sectors most vulnerable to climate change impacts are agriculture, water supply, health, transport, housing and personal safety and security.

The economy and the well being of the people of Uganda are tightly bound to climate, especially because over 80% of the population is rural and depending on rain fed agriculture, that is prone to impacts of climate variability. The climate change and variability in the coming century will inflate the frequency and intensity of extreme weathers events and has the potential to halt or reverse the country’s development trajectory. In particular this will reveal in increased food insecurity, shift in the spread of diseases like malaria, soil erosion and land degradation followed by landslides, flood damage to infrastructure as well as settlement and in lower productivity of agriculture and natural resources. The events of the past years clearly illustrated the magnitude of the problem. In Uganda the frequency of droughts has increased. An increase in intensities and frequency of heavy rains, floods and landslides as well as outbreaks of associated waterborne diseases with the floods were also observed. It will be the poor and vulnerable who will feel the increase of these impacts the hardest.

In line with the need of the country to address these impacts and the international commitments of Uganda the government addresses the problem and developed adaptation activities and programmes. The more active Uganda will be, the less it will cost and the better equipped Uganda will be to cope with future changes. Successful forward planning – not just responding to emergency situations – will ensure life and development sustainability. Hence adaptation needs to be integrated into good development practice so that development and adaption actions become mutually reinforcing.


Why I Support Bemba The ICC Victim As A Hero NOT A Criminal

This week one of the sons of Africa was found guilty by the ICC of committing atrocities against humanity and the young uninformed Africans using social media went on to support the decision of the ICC. I asked them how many had known Bemba and his political expeditions in the DRC. I was one in an ocean of young uninformed youthful Africans who tweet Facebook blog because it’s fun not to educate the society because I am sure that though I have never met Bemba I know him than most people of my age who hardly read or follow events but are quick to comment.
As I discussed with on twitter he quoted BBC as her source I laughed alone at about midnight in my living room for I found that she couldn’t contemplate that BBC, CNN, Radio, and Radio France and other western media are like NRM in Uganda and UBC. I found out that young African can’t recognize that the assassination of people like Lumumba, Sankara and the overthrow of Nkrumah were the politics of the 1960s to 80s but now they have formalized it into courts like ICC to hunt our Africans notwithstanding the indiscipline of our leaders. To tell the truth I first heard of the name Bemba in 2002 as a P.6 Pupil and since then I have followed carefully his actions and what he had done and to me he is a great man not the criminal talked about by the European powers.
It was in 2002, President Ange-Félix Patassé of the Central African Republic invited Bemba to come to his country and put down a coup attempt. I have always known the foreign countries to be against coups but they were not against this particular one. Reasons why are well known by themselves they instead accused Bemba fighters of committing atrocities against civilians in the course of this conflict. A conflict that was unnecessary had they condemned the coup attempt.
From then I was again to follow more interesting the Bemba who was one of 33 candidates who ran in the Congolese presidential elections in 2006. His main campaign slogan — “One Hundred Percent Congolese” — was widely perceived as an attack on frontrunner President Joseph Kabila which made me support Kabila who I believe is not Congolese like Bemba believes.
During the campaign, after opponents claimed that he had eaten pygmies during fighting in 2002, Bemba responded to and denied allegations of cannibalism “These are lies which have come from the highest levels of government…The pygmies are alive and well.” Indeed they were well and alive and up today they live well in DRC and CAR
Bemba received substantial support in the western, Lingala-speaking portion of the country, including the capital, Kinshasa. Following the vote there was significant tension as to whether the results would give Kabila a majority of the vote, in which case there would not be a second round against Bemba, who was perceived as Kabila’s main opponent. (this was election rigging in brief something I will die fighting against whether in my country or away)
However putting that aside according to results announced on 20 August, Kabila won 44% of the vote and Bemba won 20% and therefore the two faced each other in a second round, held on October 29. The electoral commission announced the official results on November 15, naming Kabila the winner with 58.05% of the vote; Bemba’s supporters have alleged fraud which was really openly seen like our case in Uganda by an incumbent in Africa succumbs to 58% he has been defeated
On November 27, 2006, the Supreme Court of the DRC rejected the fraud charges brought by Bemba, and confirmed Kabila as the new elected Congolese President as its going to happen in the Ugandan case. A day later, Bemba said that he disagreed with the court’s decision, but that “in the greater national interest and to preserve peace and to save the country from chaos and violence”, he would participate in the system by leading the political opposition (showing how peaceful the man is!) Bemba Instead would run for a Senate seat from Kinshasa in the January 2007 senatorial election and he succeeded in winning a seat.
A dispute over Bemba’s personal guard led to an outbreak of fighting near Bemba’s residence in Kinshasa on March 22, 2007. Bemba’s guard did not obey a March 15 deadline to register at a military base in order to be incorporated into the military, with a spokesperson for Bemba citing concerns about his security. In the fighting, a number of people, including both soldiers and civilians, were reported killed. Bemba called for a ceasefire and negotiations and took refuge in the South African embassy. (another sign of peace that can’t be reported by BBC) As fighting continued on March 23, it was announced that a warrant for Bemba’s arrest had been issued, accusing him of high treason.
Although Bemba enjoyed immunity as a senator, the country’s chief prosecutor said that he would ask parliament to remove it. Bemba blamed the government for the fighting, said that it sought to kill him, and said that he would not surrender. Later on the same day, government forces were reported to have regained control of most of the city. According to one estimate, up to 600 people were killed in the fighting led by Kabila forces that have never faced the ICC which claims to dispense justice
On March 26, Kabila said that security could not be guaranteed through negotiation and referred to the importance of restoring order. He characterized the dispute as a military one and said that Bemba could not be above the law; he also claimed that Bemba’s guards had tried to take over Kinshasa. Bemba warned of the potential for dictatorship and said that he might go into exile due to his security concerns.
According to Bemba, the fighting had started as a result of an assassination attempt against him by soldiers who had surrounded his house. Hundreds of fighters loyal to Bemba, both in Kinshasa and the north of the country, reportedly surrendered following the fighting to be integrated into the arm.
Late in the month it was reported that Bemba planned to travel to Portugal for treatment of a broken leg; he had already received treatment for his leg there in previous months. The Portuguese ambassador subsequently said on March 30 that Bemba was expected to go to Portugal for treatment, but was not going into exile there. The Senate approved the trip, for a period of 60 days, on April 9; Bemba promised to avoid politics while in Portugal. On April 11, Bemba left the South African embassy and was taken to the airport by U.N. MONUC forces, then flown out of the country to Portugal, along with his wife and children. On April 12, the attorney general, Tshimanga Mukeba, said that he had requested that the Senate remove Bemba’s immunity. This was political persecution that all opposition in Africa and to me the Congolese government has joined those who killed Lumumba to kill Bemba for the young Africans better read and follow the African po0litics before you make blatant statement that are very uninformed

It’s The Citizens At Trial NOT The Government

On 17th evening I boarded a bus headed for kanungu to vote for my candidate Kizza Besigye. I reached Kihiihi early morning of 18th went home greeted my good parents and went to vote. By noon I was already planning my journey back to Kampala to celebrate the victory of my candidate I wanted to be part of this historic event. I came checking on the results and the mood of the people from Kihiihi to Mbarara where I reached at about 10pm people were talking about how Besigye had won! When I reached my room I put on my TV and Kigundu was reading different results. I was in the morning going to the party headquarters and I found soldiers with naked bullets all over the roads and streets of Kampala the city was quite but soldiers patrolled the city very tightly. In brief our voice as a people had been stolen a coup d’état had taken place. Museveni was defeated in the election and he overthrew the power of the people and reinstated himself with a gun. The photographs of 19th Feb and days onwards were the exact ones of 1971 when Amin took power using the gun. But surprisingly Amin celebrated in the city because may be he had popular support Museveni dint because he knew people had not voted him. As I try my daily duties when I meet any citizens he or she tells me of how government is at trial. However I think government is not at trial it’s you the citizens at trial you both stand up and defend the votes you casted or the junta will rule us forcefully. Remember the president elect is incarcerated without any one mentioning and being sure when he will be free. It’s a must that you organize and free him and free your, vote free your country. If we don’t do this our children shall live in these horrible conditions better wakeup and do something for freedom is every ones right accepting to live under oppression is slavery.

I Respect You Gen David Tinyefuza aka SEJJUSA

Today we start another day in our history as country. We have managed to see a four star general being tried by a two star general. I am not much knowledgeable on military matters since my orientation can’t allow me join a formal army. But it was hurting to me as a humble knowledgeable man, a responsible father a husband and above all a revolutionary soldier entered the Makindye court martial not to only face his juniors but to be tormented. Seated having lunch my face turned.
I continued to look at the general and his lawyers and he was still very calm. Articulate as usual the brilliant solider who is a lawyer by profession refused to take plea. My heart was relieved he went forward and explained his ordeal and the need for a better Uganda. I was energized as he concluded and gave to his juniors what history will write. He told them that cell in which he was being detained in at Makindye was opposite cell Number 4 where Amin had arrested him then it was a cell where people call No return that’s where he escaped from and entered the NRA revolution I hope.
My mind then was tickled to think further and I remembered that he is not a simple man to joke with. He read his books, he is a 61 year old who has fought wars won some and lost some like any other human being. That aside I remembered the letter that he wrote before he left for the London Exile he wrote in part
“… the reason I have written this letter, is in regard to the very serious allegations that have appeared in the press that IGP, Brig. MK, Gen. SS, one Kellen and others hatched an evil and extrajudicial plan of stage-managing the attack on Mbuya barracks [in March] so as to frame some senior members of this government especially I, [Prime Minister] Amama Mbabazi and CDF, Gen. Aronda and those perceived to be anti-Brig. Muhoozi project.
Assassination allegations
“Further, you need to investigate the very serious claims that the same actors are re-organising elements of former Wembley under one police officer Ayegasire Nixon to assassinate people who disagree with this so-called family project of holding onto power in perpetuity,” he writes. Operation Wembley was a joint security response set up by the President Museveni in 2002 to combat run-away violent crime in Kampala and other parts of the country.
Gen. Sejusa writes that “indeed intelligence has picked some clandestine actions by this reckless and rather naïve actors to have some youth recruited as rebels and then frame some members of security services and key politicians perceived as anti-establishment.”
The people he wrote in the above extract one of them is dead (Gen. Aronda Nyakirima) the other one is a candidate in the presidential election (Amama Mbabazi) who has suffered. It’s true that what he wrote in that letter was not a mere speculation but that was the truth.

Museveni Finally Achieves Dividing Uganda Into Two

When Rtd. Dr. Kizza Besigye decided to contest in 2001, he made a claim that the movement had lost its broad base and narrowed to petty individualism. He further claimed that Uganda wasn’t the country where people were treated equally; he further alleged that the poor were never to access anything tangible by in the Museveni government. However Museveni and his propagandists rubbished this, they called Besigye a disgruntled man! Without going fair lets only Zero on the young men and women that have passed through UPE since 1996 to date. For my first time I will reason like a disadvantaged NRM youth who went to UPE schools but who wants to contest as an MP!
Many young people joined UPE schools in 1997 few of them managed to complete primary seven as the completion rates of UPE schools remain wanting. Remember completing doesn’t mean passing indeed many of them failed. On the contrary those in the privileged Uganda managed to go to very great schools and were subjected to the same exams with the poor children who they defeated seriously! So, very few of these joined secondary in 2003 with majority of them being the rich children. Automatically system in Uganda allows the rich to go better schools at secondary level than the poor because of the finances, but also the system can’t allow the poor to get good grades to go to better schools. In 2007 few of the UPE boys and girls finished O’ level.
The luckiest ones passed averagely and those whose fathers could manage to sell land to take them to better schools passed better off. So by the time these children went to A’ level around 20% had gone to a UPE school. These children were again subjected to exams in 2009 to go to university. It should be noted that in 2010 the first UPE boys and girls entered university where they were on private scholarships because they couldn’t have gone to Namiryango, Budo, Kitende etc where scooping government scholarship is more simple. After hard work and parents toil with fees at university these children managed to finish compass and graduate in 2014.
These children have therefore been unemployed for a year as they have no connections as the ones from the rich group have continued enjoying the little privileges that there is. Their counterparts can also really gain from their parents for they are well off but also they haven’t sold their properties to give them fees. After this entire hurdle let me think these guys decided to be NRM constantly and thank it even clap hands for the little things it has achieved. NRM has clearly put its guidelines for the nomination of the MPs and again the privileged can pic and our UPE disadvantaged graduates can’t pick the forms simply because 2.5M is simply a high faire whereas their counterparts can pick because they have the money and jobs at times. Simply this shows how the UPE graduates will be ruled by the other clique of the rich since even their competition is hampered.


Atuheire Brian Batenda

I will not take time to respond to what happened this morning in the reshuffle sabalwanyi has made. And there three factors am writing about in this document.
The constitutional betrayal
When there was the constitutional amendment to remove the term limits Amaama Mbazi thinking that he was mighty, supported the removal of term limits together with his in law Hope Mwesigye in all this they thought they were clearing the way such that people like Dr. Besigye don’t enter state house. In my own prediction they thought it was easy for them to easily enter state house since the old man would easily go but alas it was a miscalculation. May be if Hope Mwesigye who was then a state minister for parliamentary affairs would had not championed and offered to be the one to bribe Mps to vote for the amendment then maybe it would have been different…

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